The Newfoundland is massive,
with powerful body, well muscled and well coordinated in
length of the body from the point of shoulders to the point
of buttock is greater than the height at the withers. The
body is compact. The body of the bitch may be slightly longer
and is less massive than that of the dog. The distance from
the withers to the underside of the chest is slightly greater
than the distance from the underside of the chest to the ground.
Newfoundland’s expression reflects benevolence and softness.
Dignified, joyful and creative, he is known for his sterling
gentleness and serenity
HEAD : Massive. The head
of the bitch follows the same general conformation as
the male’s one, but is less massive.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Broad, with slightly arched crown
and strongly developed occipital bone.
Stop : Evident, but never abrupt.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Large, well pigmented, nostrils
well developed. Colour : Black on black and white and
black dogs, brown on brown dogs.
Muzzle : Definitely square, deep and
moderately short, covered with short, fine hair and free
from wrinkles. The corners of the mouth are evident, but
not excessively pronounced
Jaws/Teeth : Scissors or level bite.
Eyes : Relatively small, moderately deep
set ; they are wide apart and show no haw. Colour : Dark
brown in black and white and black dogs, lighter shades
permitted in brown dogs.
Ears : Relatively small, triangular with
rounded tips, well set back on the side of the head and
close lying. When the ear of the adult dog is brought
forward, it reaches to the inner corner of the eye on
the same side.
muscular, well set in the shoulders, long enough to permit
dignified head carriage. The neck should not show excessive
Bone structure is massive throughout. Viewed from the side,
the body is deep and vigorous.
Top line: Level and firm from the withers
to the croup
Back : Broad.
Loin : Strong and well muscled.
Croup : Broad, sloping at an angle of about
Chest : Broad, full and deep, with good
spread of ribs.
Abdomen and underline: Almost level and
never tucked up.
tail acts as a rudder when the Newfoundland is swimming ;
therefore it is strong and broad at the base. When the dog
is standing, the tail hangs down with, possibly, a little
curve at the tip ; reaching to or slightly below the hocks.
When the dog is in motion or excited, the tail is carried
straight out with slight upward curve.
The forelegs are straight and parallel also when
the dog is walking or slowly trotting.
Shoulders : Very well muscled and well
Elbows : Close to the chest.
Pasterns : Slightly sloping.
Forefeet : Large and proportionate to the
body, well rounded and tight, with firm and compact toes.
Webbing of toes is present.
Because driving power for pulling loads, swimming or covering
ground efficiently is largely dependent upon the hindquarters,
the rear structure of the Newfoundland is of prime importance.
The pelvis has to be strong, broad and long.
Upper thighs : Wide and muscular.
Stifle : Well bent, but not so as to give
a crouching appearance.
Lower thighs : Strong and fairly long.
Hocks : Relatively short, well let down
and well apart, parallel to each other ; they turn neither
in nor out.
Hindfeet : Firm and tight. Dewclaws, if
present, should have been removed
Newfoundland moves with good reach of the forelegs and strong
drive of the hindquarters, giving the impression of effortless
power. A slight roll of the back is natural. As the speed
increases, the dog tends to single track with the topline
HAIR : The Newfoundland
has a water resistent double coat. The outer coat is moderately
long and straight with no curl. A slight wave is permissible.
The undercoat is soft and dense, more dense in winter
than in summer, but always found to some extent on the
croup and chest. The hair on the head, muzzle and ears
is short and fine. The front and rear legs are feathered.
The tail is completely covered with long, dense hair,
but does not form a flag. Trimming and scissoring are
COLOUR :Black, white
and black and brown.
Black : The traditional colour is black.
The colour has to be even as much as possible, but a slight
tinge of sunburn is permissible. White markings on chest,
toes and/or tip of tail are permissible.
White and black : This variety is of
historical significance for the breed. The preferred pattern
of markings is black head with, preferably, a white blaze
extending onto the muzzle, black saddle with even markings
and black croup and upper tail. The remaining parts are
to be white and can show a minimum of ticking.
Brown : The brown colour goes from chocolate
to bronze. White markings on chest, toes and/or tip of
tail are permissible. White and black dogs and brown dogs
are to be shown in the same class as blacks.
average height at the withers is :
For adult males 71cm (28 inches),
for adult bitches 66cm (26 inches).
The average weight is approximately 68kg for males, approximately
54kg for bitches.
Large size is desirable, but is not to be favoured over
symmetry, general soundness, power of the structure and
:Any departure from the foregoing points should
be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the
fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to
- General appearance : Legginess, lack of substance.
- General bone structure : Sluggish appearance, fine bone.
- Character : Aggressiveness, shyness.
- Head : Narrow.
- Muzzle : Snipey or long.
- Flews : Pronounced.
- Eyes : Round, protruding, yellow eyes, showing pronounced
- Back : Roached, slack or swayed back.
- Tail : Short, long, kink tail, curled tip.
- Forequarters : Down in pastern, splayed toes, toeing in
or out, lack of webbing between toes.
- Hindquarters : Straight stifles, cowhocks , barrel legs,
- Gait/Movement : Mincing, shuffling, crabbing, too close
moving, weaving, crossing over in front, toeing-out or distinctly
toeing-in in front, hackney action, pacing.
- Hair : Completely open coat. Lack of undercoat.
- Overshot or undershot bite, wry mouth.
- Short and flat coat.
- Markings of any other colour than white on a black or brown
- Any other colour than black or white and black or brown.
Male animals should have two apparently
normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
>> About Breed