("Newfies" or "Newfs") have webbed
feet and a water-resistant coat. The biggest dog breed.
Males weigh 60–70 kg (130–150 lb), and females
45–55 kg (100–120 lb), placing them in the
"giant" weight range. Some Newfies have been
known to weigh over 70 kg (over 160 lb).
Most Newfies are black. AKC standard
colors of the Newfoundland are black, brown, gray and
landseer (black head and white and black body). The
Landseer is named after the artist Sir Edwin Landseer,
who featured them in many of his paintings. Some kennel
clubs consider the Landseer to be a separate breed;
others consider it simply a Newfoundland color variation.
official AKC breed description says "Sweetness
of temperament is the hallmark of the Newfoundland;
this is the most important single characteristic of
the breed.". They are nicknamed the "Gentle
Giant" and "Nature's babysitter." They
are protective of children.
Relative to other breeds, Newfoundland
puppies, especially older puppies, tend to be calm.
Newfoundlands take up to three years to reach full maturity.
They have deep barks, but are not good guard dogs. They
have been known to grieve when separated from their
families. Their large size makes them difficult to keep
in many living
are several health problems associated with Newfoundlands.
Newfoundlands are prone to Hip dysplasia (a malformed
ball and socket in the hip joint), Elbow dysplasia,
sub-aortic stenosis (a heart condition) and cystinuria
(a hereditary defect that forms calculi stones in the