Boston Terrier is a breed of dog originating in the
United States of America.
Boston Terriers are typically small, compactly built,
well proportioned, dogs with erect ears, short screw-tails,
and a short muzzle that should be free of wrinkles.
Boston terriers can weigh from 10 to 25 lbs, typically
in the vicinity of 15 lbs. Boston Terriers usually stand
15-17 inches at the withers. Boston Terriers usally
have a square sort of face.
The Boston Terrier is characteristically
marked with white in proportion to either black, brindle,
seal, or a combination of the three. Seal is a color
specifically used to describe Boston Terriers and is
defined as a black color with red highlights when viewed
in the sun or bright light.
Ideally white should cover its chest,
muzzle, band around the neck, half way up the forelegs,
up to the hocks on the rear legs, and a white blaze
between but not touching the eyes. In show dogs, symmetrical
markings are preferred. Due to the Boston Terrier's
markings resembling formal wear, in addition to its
refined and pleasant personality, the breed is commonly
referred to as the "American Gentleman." The
breed is known for its gentle, alert, and intelligent
Frequently, variations on the standard
are seen depending on the ancestry of the individual
dog. At various times, the English Bulldog, English
Mastiff, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and French Bulldog—among
other breeds—have been crossbred with Boston Terrier
lines to minimize inbreeding in what is necessarily
a small gene pool.
While originally bred for fighting, they were later
down bred for companionship. The modern Boston Terrier
can be gentle, alert, expressive, and well-mannered.
Many still retain the spunky attitude of the typical
terrier. It must be noted however, that they are not
considered terriers by the American Kennel Club, but
are part of the non-sporting group. Boston Terrier is
something of a misnomer. They were originally a cross-breed
between the White English Terrier (now extinct) and
an English Bulldog.
Some Bostons enjoy having another one
for companionship. Both females and males generally
bark only when necessary. Having been bred as a companion
dog, they enjoy being around people, and if properly
socialized get along well with children, the elderly,
other canines, and non-canine pets. Boston Terriers
can be very cuddly, while others are more independent.
Several health issues are of concern in the Boston Terrier:
cataracts (both juvenile and adult type), cherry eye,
luxating patellas, deafness, heart murmur, and allergies.
Curvature of the back, called roaching, might be caused
by patella problems with the rear legs, which in turn
causes the dog to lean forward onto the forelegs. This
might also just be a structural fault with little consequence
to the dog. Many Bostons cannot tolerate excessive heat
and also extremely cold weather, due to the shortened
muzzle, so hot or cold weather combined with demanding
exercise can bring harm to a Boston Terrier.
They can live up to 15 years or more,
but the average is around 13 years.
The Boston, like other short-snouted
breeds have an elongated palate. When excited, they
are prone to a "reverse sneeze" where the
dog will quickly, and seemingly laboriously, gasp and
snort. This is caused by air or debris getting caught
under the palate and irritating the throat or limiting
breathing. "Reverse sneezing" episodes won't
hurt a Boston in the least, but it will scare the dog,
and maybe its owners, a good deal. The quickest way
to stop these episodes is to talk to them calmly, and
cover their nose with the palm of your hand, which will
force the dog to breath more slowly and deeply through
Because of their short snouts, they
do tend to snort and snore. These can be signs of serious
health issues. Due to the Boston's prominent eyes, some
are prone to ulcers or minor injuries to their cornea.