Sheltie came from the Shetland Islands off the coast
of Scotland. Unlike many miniature breeds that resemble
their larger counterparts, this breed was not developed
by selectively breeding the Rough Collie for smaller
and smaller sizes. Rather, it is the result of the
intermingling of Border Collies and possibly several
other herding breeds over the past several centuries.
Its exact origins are not known, but
the most-often cited ancestors of the breed include
the Border Collie (or its ancestors), the Yakki (also
Yakkie or Yakkin) dog (a dog kept and bred by Greenland
whalers), and the Icelandic sheepdog. During the 19th
century, the appeal of small, fluffy dogs became clear,
and there are mentions of cross-breedings with Pomeranians
(which were larger then than they are today) and with
the now-extinct (?) Prince Charles Spaniel or possibly
a King Charles Spaniel. Some Shelties in the early
20th century had brindle coats, which could have come
from a terrier or Corgi breed. Note: the "mentions"
of cross-breedings with Pomeranians is largely seen
as a myth by most Sheltie experts.
The year 1909 marked the initial recognition
of the Sheltie by the English Kennel Club and the
first Sheltie to be registered by the American Kennel
Club was "Lord Scott" in 1911.